Daniel Schaub has been the integrity officer at the University of Angers since 2016. Its mission: to convince the entire scientific community of the importance of questions of scientific integrity.
Daniel Schaub, Director of the Faculty of Science from 2006 to 2016, retired to continue his research at the time of his retirement in September 2016 and was also appointed Integrity Officer by the President of the University at that timeAU, Christian Robledo. ” Since 2017, the law has stipulated that every research institution has an integrity officer and theAU was one of the first universities to do sowelcomes Daniel Schaub. This position requires knowledge of the university and how it works and I found the tasks sufficiently important and interesting. With more time, it’s not too difficult either. »
Its task is to monitor possible violations of scientific integrity by researchersAU which are transmitted to him. A voluntary mission that reflects current events. ” In 50 years, science has lost credibility with politicians and the public, like Didier Raoult’s positions during the health crisis.believes Daniel Schaub. Scientific truth is based on evidence: we conduct experiments, we record the data, and we reproduce them. Unfortunately, this last step is rarely taken as it has not been appreciated until then. »
A dozen cases since 2016
According to the integrity officer, researchers’ shortcomings can take many forms. ” The most common example is to conduct an experiment and modify the results to publish in an award-winning journal, thereby boosting your career or peer recognition. There are also plagiarism, problems with signing articles, directors∙Search ice overwhelmedPeople who no longer have time to really review their team’s work. Errors can also be unintentional, for example when a∙e researcher∙e is too convinced∙e the validity of his hypothesis and neglects the results that call it into question. »
When a violation is reported, Daniel Schaub takes up the case, investigates it and informs the PresidentAU, which can then appoint a committee of experts. Once the conclusions are submitted, the President can close the case or submit it to a disciplinary board. ” In most cases, it is enough to exchange ideas with the various people affected and that works well. Since taking office I have only dealt with about ten relatively simple cases. »
Since 2017, doctoral students must complete training in ethics, deontology and scientific integrity. For his part, Daniel Schaub continues his tour of the laboratoriesAU – halted due to health context – to raise awareness of all research staff and remind them of the risks involved. ” This can significantly slow down a scientist’s career, especially if their article published in a scientific journal is invalidated: this is known as revocation.. »