Homeschooling, which is increasingly popular in Morocco, offers personalized teaching and a flexible schedule. This is a real challenge for parents who need to be carefully organized. However, child specialists fear desocialization. In Morocco, only children registered in foreign missions can be homeschooled….
Don’t go to school and stay at home. A childhood dream that many parents have realized in recent years in several countries of the world, especially in Europe, the USA, in several Arab countries (the United Arab Emirates, Egypt or Iraq) and recently in Morocco. Indeed, over the past ten years, staying at home is no longer an illusion, but now possible, as many families are increasingly choosing homeschooling or homeschooling. According to teachers, this is a trend that appeared in the early 2000s and which was favored by the health crisis and the isolation imposed by the authorities in 2020. If during this extraordinary period, home schooling was a difficult and stressful task, today, we can say that it has enabled some families to do so.
What is homeschooling? Who chooses and why for this teaching method? Home schooling is a new, so-called alternative teaching method. It is to allow the child to study a formal school program, at his own pace and at home under the supervision of his parents and/or external contributors. It is important to note that distance education is not a form of unschooling, but rather a departure from traditional education for an education that allows, according to the teachers, “to frame the child and accompany him according to an individualized pursuit that improves himself. – trust and allows for greater personal fulfillment”.
All this means that pursuing a distance education is a choice that should be taken very seriously. This is why some believe that one of the two parents must be present to teach the lessons. But, it is not an obligation, according to Hasna Guenoun, mother of two students at home, “because the presence of parents depends on the autonomy of the child and his age”. In addition and for a serious follow-up, home schooling organizations, such as the National Center for Distance Education (CNED) which offers French public education or other Hattmer schools or Cours PI, have created structured organizational lessons and tests ( see box).
In addition, there is the home teacher formula for families who can afford it. Thus, a full-time teacher is employed for the various subjects. Some families organize differently: they call home teachers and group their children together to form small classes of a maximum of 10 students for home education. A formula that makes it possible to accumulate the annual cost which will range from 20,000 to 25,000 dirhams for each family. “Which is much cheaper than studying in foreign schools,” says Kenza Touil, mother of two home-schooled children. And to add that “the interest is elsewhere as far as this formula allows us to have a school that responds to the rhythm of each and a better development of the children”.
Freedom of movement and personalized learning
Today, she underlines, “parents are organized through social networks to exchange thoughts and experiences. We are also looking for advice, especially from parents who have lived abroad and who have already practiced homeschooling in other countries.
Several other arguments contend for the homeschooling choice. First of all, registration and tuition fees for both foreign missions and national private schools. Knowing a steady annual increase, these fees became exorbitant and soon prompted parents to jump into home schooling. Then there are parents who work on their own account and at home and for whom this alternative offers an opportunity to observe their children directly, to monitor their learning and education. And it also offers freedom of movement. “I organize my business trips according to my child’s pace and this allows us to travel together often and at any time of the year,” emphasizes Mohamed Srairi, the father of a home-schooled high school student. And to specify that “we have also programmed outings to green classrooms and cultural visits together and adapted to the French school program”.
In addition, some parents have chosen home schooling because their children suffer from attention, concentration, dyslexia or hyperactivity disorders. Home schooling, in these concrete cases, advances Majda Benkirane, child psychologist, allows “learning to be adapted to the child’s pace and accompany him to overcome his difficulties. Which is more complicated in a normal class. For another mother, “homeschooling allows my son who has an attention disorder not to be disturbed by other children and to interact directly with the lessons if he is struggling to understand.” Not to mention that the workload is less heavy and the courses are organized according to the child’s pace. It is important to note that the programs are identical to the official programs of the respective ministries of education. Furthermore, parents emphasize that the educational content can also be adapted to the child’s pace, to his abilities and, above all, to his wishes and preferences. Flexible, the schedule will allow you to move from one subject to another with far fewer restrictions than in a classic schedule set according to the availability of teachers and classes.
It is important to note that in other countries where homeschooling is regulated, homeschooling is subject to inspection by the supervising ministry and courses lead to a diploma. And French, American and Canadian organizations operating in Morocco are subject to the same rules. On the other hand, in Morocco there is no home schooling at the level of national education. “We are talking more about education, which consists of teaching your children yourself by following the MEN program and taking the exams as a free candidate.” If technically this alternative solution to classical education is interesting, child psychology specialists and teachers do not fail to point out the disadvantages of home schooling.
Unschooling causes much less stress, which will allow the child to better live his learning, however, he will be deprived of the experience of adversity that reinforces his personal motivation and his maturity. Among the fears expressed: the desocialization of the child and the absence or lack of pedagogy from the parents. A child who does not go to school is likely to be unsociable and cut off from the world of young people his age. This can make their integration into society difficult. For this, child psychologists call for the need for extracurricular activities to allow the child to come out of his bubble. Moreover, the lack of pedagogy from parents can change the good acquisition of knowledge provided in the school program and especially the way of transmission of knowledge. For these specialists, the formula is more intended and has proven successful, for very good students and gifted children.
Homeschooling: How much does it cost?
Homeschooling or homeschooling, popular since the 80s in some foreign countries, has recently made its debut in Morocco.
And it is especially the foreign, French, Canadian and American organizations that provide this type of education. Children of all ages and nationalities can use it.
Organizations and methodologies vary from one organization to another. Like the prices.
Thus, for the National Council for Distance Education (CNED), which is a public organization for learning French, registration is subject to three conditions: if the child is ill, if the family is forced to travel often or if the child attends a high level . – Sports studies level course. However, it should be noted that access conditions have been tightened for Moroccan students and there has even been a suspension of new registrations.
For all organizations, registration is online and courses are delivered through digital platforms. Textbooks are also sent to students.
The cost of home schooling varies from one organization to another: it is 8,000 dirhams (primary/college) and 10,000 dirhams for secondary school, in connection with CNED as well as other schools of education. French. For Canadians, parents must pay AED 6,000 per subject. For primary students, there are four subjects including Mathematics, English, SVT and History of Geography. In secondary school, parents will have to pay for 10 subjects. As for the American system, home school fees range from 10,000 to 100,000 dirhams depending on the level. If for CNED the schedules are organized by the parents, for the other two organizations the courses take place between 4 and 8 p.m.
Homeschoolers are subject to regular assessments. Three online assessments per year, one at the end of each quarter for CNED. For other French schools we will calculate per year. For SVT, students go through MCQs. Corrections are made by certified teachers. For Canadians and Americans, assessments are regularly done under the traditional system.
Finally, it should be noted that homeschoolers appear as free candidates for the French system’s patent and diploma exams.