At the beginning of the school year, not all children went to class. Some of them are home schooling. They were 71,700 in June, or about 0.5% of students in France, to benefit from the family education system (IEF), according to the latest data from the Ministry of National Education. How much is there this fall? At the moment, the ministry does not communicate the figures, because they do not exist “It’s not stabilized yet”.
The very active associations defending the IEF have been raising their concerns for several weeks. As a major point, a day of mobilization has been set for September 15. In their views, the consequences of the law of August 24, 2021 confirming respect for the principles of the Republic (known as the law against “separatism”), accused of having prompted numerous rejections by the authorities.
In this return, some children actually find themselves in a situation of uncertainty. Neither enrolled in a school near their home, due to their absence, nor authorized to receive instructions at home. Because many families see their requests rejected, at some academies.
Strong differences between territories
In the absence of figures consolidated by the ministry, the associations provide theirs. Thus, 68% of parents would be rejected for their newly arrived child in family education, according to a survey conducted by the Coordination for Freedom of Education (Coopli). “Today, families contact us to find out which academies accept more than others.” sorry Emmanuelle (she did not want to give her name), from the association Les Enfants d’abord (LEDA), who participated in the study. Among the most reluctant rectories would be Toulouse, Grenoble, Dijon, Besançon, Rennes or even Orléans, according to Coopli.
Before the law against “separatism”, a simple statement was enough. Families must justify their request to their rectory. Four reasons are valid: reasons of health and disability, practicing intensive sports or artistic activities, family homelessness or geographical distance from school and finally. “the existence of a specific situation for the child that motivates an educational project”.
According to the associations, this last reason feeds numerous rejections, which are based on the impossibility of proving the existence of a “own state”. Ministry, contacted by worldrelativizes the importance of the phenomenon: “In 1er July, item 4 accounts for only 9.6% of submitted applications. » A little more than half of them, 53%, received positive answers.
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