Education. The health crisis has forced some parents to educate their children themselves. The principle of “home schooling” existed before, but literally exploded during this particular period. This Friday, September 2, some families symbolized their return to school.
All schools are back. Children too. But not all. Indeed, some do not go to school; their parents prefer to take care of their education personally. Some families returned symbolically, this Friday, September 2, to the Fontaine area of Corgebin.
Homeschooling is a relatively new method of learning that exploded in the midst of Covid-19. “In 2017, between 20 and 25,000 families raised their child themselves. After the health crisis, there were about 65,000, because many people realized that it is very possible to educate your child”, explains Marylène.
This former National Education teacher now works from home and has chosen to teach her child herself. This Friday the 2nd, she met for the first time six other families who made the same decision. Everyone wants to assure that “it is not a rejection of the traditional school, but a choice”.
Even at home, educational obligation
While Louis, Joseph, Côme, Elouann, Alec and Sevan have fun and take advantage of the playground facilities to get to know each other, the mothers get to know each other about the pedagogy they use for their respective children.
“Some families are more followers of the Montessori method, others prefer that of Steiner-Waldorf or Freinet, or simply favor the National Education program,” adds Marylène. And Ema to clarify: “Our advantage is to walk at the child’s pace and guide them according to our wishes. When you love and are motivated, you inevitably learn better. Parents who decide to take responsibility for their child’s education must first seek authorization from Dasen (academic directorate of national education services) and complete an education file. From the age of 3, the child is subject to the obligation of education until the age of 16. Parents are free in their own way of learning, but they are required to respect the common core of knowledge.
“Everyday life is available for us to learn different subjects,” points out Pauline. “We can allow ourselves to learn math by making cooking or baking recipes, or more simply with pebbles or wood. We can learn things through games. Everything is more concrete and much simpler for them. The three mothers share an incredible adventure with their child, through outings and trips they take together.
However, the main criticism of home schooling is the socialization of the child, removed from the traditional education system and the environment where his peers learn to live. Emma responds by arguing John Bowlby’s attachment theory. This presupposes that the development of the child at the affective and social level requires the formation of a special privileged relationship with at least one “caregiver”, the one who offers the role of safe haven.
“The basis is self-confidence. Of course there is less socializing, but what little there is is resolved and the interactions are of better quality. The baby will have no problem leaving the nest. Marylène takes as an example her eldest son, who, as a child, showed widespread shyness. “After two years of home schooling, because we gave him time, he now talks to strangers. In class, he would have been put in a corner and taught by watching others. »
For Pauline, home education was “imposed” on her, as “the teacher thought that my son was socially inappropriate, two days after the start of the school year. We were afraid of this type of pedagogy, of not being successful. today I don’t regret it”.
Of course, the presence of parents at home is essential. Stay at home mom or dad, or work from home are common profiles. Marie Curie or Jean d’Ormesson were educated at home by their parents.
The philosopher described his childhood as such. ” I mean, in the first ten years of schooling I never went to school. I grew up in my mother’s skirts. These are delicious memories. I had an extremely happy childhood! [… ] I worked with my mother, who was sweet herself. I don’t ever remember any drama. »