Home schooling

Homeschooling: what methods are nations all over the world adopting?

Posted on December 10th. 2020 at 4:05 pmUpdated on December 11. 2020 at 10:26 am

Retreat on the forced march. After considering for a while the strong limitation of the practice of home schooling within the framework of the draft law “for the consolidation of the republican principles”, the executive retreated. Parents who wish to oversee their child’s education will still be able to do so, but in a more supervised manner. Prior authorization, for example, will be necessary, according to the version of the bill presented Wednesday to the Council of Ministers.

Legally, the provision became difficult to defend. The State Council, responsible for the study of the project, was positioned against the end of home schooling. This question is also debated around the world. While some countries encourage this practice, others are much more restrictive. General overview.

Strict regulations in Germany, Spain and Sweden

On the European continent, Germany has one of the strictest regulations in this area. Only health reasons allow you to be educated at home. Parents’ religious or educational beliefs are not taken into account.

Spain and Sweden are also very willing to practice home schooling. Thus, the Spanish constitutional system does not recognize the practice, while the Swedish law specifies that it is not allowed. In Greece, school attendance is also compulsory. Only children with special needs are allowed out of the classroom.

Some countries go even further, like Turkey, which has chosen to make homeschooling illegal. Therefore, from the age of 6, all Turkish citizens must enroll in a public or private school, under pain of sanctions. The same logic in the Netherlands, where education is compulsory from the age of 5. Parents who withdraw their children from the education system face penalties. Some exceptions, such as religious beliefs, are granted to allow homeschooling. A choice against most European countries.

If these countries prohibit, in most cases, the practice of home education, one major difference with France should be noted: the age at which compulsory schooling begins. In France, students must return to school for the first time at age 3, while German and Spanish students start school at age 6. Greek children start school a year earlier, at age 5, just like Dutch children.

Education under conditions in Austria

Other states are more flexible, but impose certain rules. Regular exams, the obligation to have a teacher’s diploma, a statement of honor or registration with the authorities… the conditions for home schooling can be many. In Austria, parents who wish to teach their children must register with the competent authorities. Homeschooling may be prohibited if the school board determines that the education provided will not be equivalent to that received in the classroom. Students must also pass two annual exams to ensure their academic level.

The logic is more or less the same in Denmark, where the Constitution guarantees parents the right to choose the education they wish to favor. However, they are required to adhere to certain principles. Thus, children practicing home schooling are monitored by municipalities, which ensure that they receive the same level of education as their classmates present in the classroom. In Slovakia, parents must obtain a teaching diploma to benefit from the right to practice home schooling, while in Norway the authorities assess lessons given outside the classroom once a semester.

Reduced controls in the United States

In some countries, beyond being legal, homeschooling has become much easier. In the United Kingdom, for example, parents who educate their children at home are not required to follow the national curriculum, the British government website specifies.

In the United States, about 2 million students are homeschooled. The practice is legal in all US states, which each regulate homeschooling according to their own rules. Most remain very permissive. Only Massachusetts and Rhodes Island require parents to obtain permission to homeschool. In Texas, some subjects are required such as reading, math or grammar, but no assessment requirement is required. In Oklahoma, on the other hand, parents are free to choose the subjects they teach. The rules are stricter in New York State, which requires the teaching of certain subjects, assessments, and a minimum level of parent teacher qualification.

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