Loïc Artiaga, historian on the College of Limoges, co-authored “The Origins of Pop Tradition”

On October 9th in Blois, the Augustin Thierry Prize 2022 for the Rendez-vous de l’Histoire de Blois was awarded to Loïc Artiaga for his book Rocky, the white man’s dream revenge.

The now well-known and recognized Limogeaud researcher, who was a guest at France-Inter a few days ago, is definitely very active.

A work for four hands

With his accomplice Matthieu Letourneux, with whom he explored the mysteries of Fantômas and its authors, he published La Découverte, a fascinating study of the origins of pop culture.

The two researchers went back to the origins of this literary phenomenon, whose flagships between 1945 and 1990 were the Fleuve noir and Presses de la Cité editions. It’s interesting to see what people read between 1945 and 1990. In this study we have brought together all the characters who made Fleuve noir and the Presses de la Cité a success, such as Jean Bruce, the father of OSS117,Simon…

A total of 600 people and authors were searched,” explains Loïc Artiaga. The two authors brought incredible treasures to light.

“These writers created their style by taking inspiration from American codes. They model themselves on the tough, unscrupulous, colloquial cop. Frédéric Dard initially relied on this model, but then broke away from it as the novels progressed. It then becomes the embodiment of ‘Frenchness’,” emphasizes Loïc Artiaga. In the field of popular literature, France is an authority. Simenon, Gérard de Villiers and others are exported and sell thousands of copies.

Former Employees

“Triquard”, many of these authors are former employees. They wear a pseudonym so as not to be discovered.

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Not only did they fly under the radar, they built what would become mainstream culture in the 1970s. Her admittedly marginal work feeds cinema, literature and television.

Important media group

Fleuve Noir and the Presses de la Cité are the most important media groups after Hachette. The editors also coordinate brand placement with the authors. In return, they receive important gifts that are redistributed.

“It’s a material culture. The arrival of the counterculture will give an old look to this literature, which will die out in the early 1990s.

Jean Francois Julien

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