Home schooling

Obligatory training doesn’t imply going to highschool

In Luxembourg, education is currently compulsory from the age of 4 to the age of 16. Minister of National Education Claude MeischClaude Meisch (PD) will present this Tuesday, February 22, the project for the extension of compulsory education from 16 to 18 years old, approved by the government council on February 11. The opportunity to take stock of schooling at home, because school obligation does not mean obligation to attend a school.

184 children study at home

According to the latest figures published by the Ministry of National Education in March 2021 for the 2020-2021 school year, 154 basic education students (from 3 to 11 years old) are educated at home, compared to 50,890 children attending a school in basic education. that is, 37 more than in 2019-2020. And they were 30 high school students (12 to 19 years old) to be homeschooled.

The reasons for home schooling can be different: the child’s illness, families passing through the country or parents’ persuasion. “For young people aged 4 to 12 years in 1er September, the lesson can take place at home. Currently, it is necessary to request the authorization of the director of his district, motivating his request and informing the municipality”, explains the asbl Alli (Luxembourg Association for Freedom of Education) on its website. For children over 12 in 1er September, home schooling is not regulated by any law. In practice, you must provide a school certificate from a correspondence course at the municipality of your residence or inform the Ministry of National Education. There is a draft law on home education, but it has not yet been presented to the Chamber of Deputies.

Homeschooling is subject to controls

In its activity report for the year 2020-2021, the non-profit association Alli clarifies that there were “several requests for information on home schooling due to unsuitable sanitary conditions for families. No doubt there has been an increase in demand because families have been able to recognize and experience this educational choice and think about it. Do homeschooling parents have to follow the Luxembourg curriculum? According to Article 21 (basic/primary education), “home education should aim to acquire the basic skills defined in the study plan. In duly justified circumstances, particularly – e.g. – if the parents intend to provide their child with distance education, the district director may allow one or more of them to be exempted from education. other issues provided for in Article 7 of the school law. .

And the non-profit association notes “that the goal of acquiring the basic skills defined in the study plan does not mean that it is mandatory to achieve them, but that the child should be given the opportunity to achieve them. the right to education, but no one can be forced to learn”. Therefore, home schooling is subject to the control of its district principal. If it is determined that the education offered does not meet the defined criteria, the student is automatically enrolled in the school of his municipality of residence. This will also be the case in case of refusal against the director to carry out the control.

In Belgium and France

And how is homeschooling going with our neighbors? In Belgium, compulsory education starts at the age of 5. According to the General Administration of Education, during the year 2018-2019, 1122 children were educated at home and it is the General Inspection Service that is responsible for monitoring the level of studies defined by law. Children must also obtain their school certificates and pass CEB at 12, CE1D at 14 and CE2D at 16.

In France, education is compulsory from the age of 3 to 16. Controls are carried out at the municipal level, on the initiative of the mayor, from the first year, then every two years, until the child turns 16 and on the initiative of the academic leaders of the school services. Dasen). According to a survey conducted by the French Ministry of National Education during 2020, 50,000 students are homeschooled, compared to 41,000 in 2019 and 30 to 35,000 in 2017. These children represent 0.5% of the total French students.

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