online education

Provenance Analysis (Half 2): Non-European Collections

The second part of the seminar on provenance research organized by the DRAC Centre-Val de Loire in the magnificent chapel of the Fine Arts Museum in Chartres was attended by 69 heritage experts from across France.

Focus the gazei.e. Chocolatière and Jungfrau in ivory: from the exotic to the different

In accordance with the values ​​and ethical standards enacted by the International Council of Museums (ICOM), the Washington Accords (1998) or the Ministry of Culture, the history of the works is subject to strict attention.

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The French state, in agreement with the countries of origin that have made an official request, can grant the right to return a work of art. A bill will then be presented to Parliament by the government allowing works to be taken out of the public domain and ownership transferred to the requesting state, based on previous historical research on provenance and acquisition. For every transfer of ownership of a work to the requesting state, a law must be passed that allows an exception to the principle of the inalienability of national collections. A further development of the law is the study to facilitate these complex steps.

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An anthropological mediation makes it possible to tell the plural history of objects (aesthetic, technical, historical, etc.) starting either from cultural goods or from collectors/collectors. Polysemic storytelling is therefore sought after by professionals to share with the public an open view that does not limit heritage to a one-sided reading. Given the volume of research to be undertaken and the need to respect a diversity of viewpoints, the networks are now extending to the indigenous communities that have essential knowledge (collection of testimonies and documents). Beyond a common heritage, everyone must be able to reclaim a sometimes painful heritage (wars, colonial contexts). In the face of a critical reinterpretation of a Western-centric history, international cooperation enables a peaceful dialogue between countries of origin and host countries. The study and implementation of the conditions for a better knowledge of the turbulent history of peoples is an integral part of heritage issues, of which professionals are fully aware.

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Databases now make it possible to reconstruct these paths of objects to uncover another history of mankind. The cartography of Asian, African and Oceanic collections (“Le monde en musée”) geolocates the progress of these heritage surveys thanks to the online publication of documentation portals (Institut national d’histoire de l’art (INHA) , major national scientific departments (Louvre -Museum, National Museum of Asian Art-Guimet, Quai Branly Museum -Jacques Chriac, etc.) Coordinated by the Ministry of Culture, the Joconde database, a collective catalog of museums in France, thus represents a large number of non-European museums online records (archaeology, ethnography, fine arts, decorative arts, slavery, human migration, etc.).

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Beyond a common heritage, the required dialogue between cultural assets inside and outside Europe contributes to the recognition of cultural rights recognized by Law No. 2015-991 on the new territorial organization of the Republic.

This day is part of the hiking seminar What strategy heritage in the central Loire Valley?initiated in 2019 by the DRAC Centre-Val de Loire in partnership with the host cities and for the 4the Year the fruitful dialogue established between professionals in the region and elsewhere. On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of law n° 2002-5 on museums in France, 7 days of discussion are planned for this new edition.

Affected professionals: elected officials, heritage, cultural, educational, social and tourism professionals. Free registration upon prior reservation: [email protected]

Next dates 2022

2 December 2022, André-Malraux square, Châteaudun (28): Review of scientific and cultural projects of the last 10 years

December 13, 2022, Museum of Fine Arts, guided tours (37): Conservation and restoration of art in public space

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