Higher education can quickly become too expensive for the most vulnerable students. For this reason, several communes in France have decided to introduce a minimum income for students, which can range from a hundred to several thousand euros. what is it exactly
Granted under conditions by certain municipalities, the minimum student income is a valuable financial aid for many students, which is often stifled by a very tight monthly budget.
Minimum income for students: what is it?
The student minimum was introduced in September 1989 in the commune of Chenôve on the Côte d’Or. Since then, about twenty French cities have also offered this financial support to their young people enrolled in higher education. Since these grants are not national, each municipality decides on the amount of the minimum student income, the award conditions and the payment period.
Depending on the municipality, the amount can vary between a hundred and several thousand euros, depending on the place of study and the possibilities of the parents. Compatible with other subsidies, the minimum student income is above all an additional subsidy to finance the costs of student housing, necessary equipment or tuition fees, which can be very high depending on the course.
What are the requirements for granting the minimum student income?
Each city that offers the RME sets its own award conditions.
- For example, in Chenôve (Côte d’Or), a pioneer city in terms of the minimum income for students, several criteria are required: having lived in Chenôve for more than two years, having a high school diploma, being enrolled in a college and at the time of submitting the file be under 27 years old. Several pieces of evidence are also required with the file, e.g. B. the certificate of residence, the school certificate, the scholarship certificate or rejection, the tax assessment of the parents, etc. The student minimum income can apply to scholarship holders, non-scholarship holders, students, working students or students with tuition fees of more than 2,500 euros. In addition, the city awards a culture check worth 40 euros to every student who submits a complete RME application portfolio. Depending on the case, the amount of the RME is between 100 and 2,300 euros.
- In Petit-Couronne (Seine-Maritime) you must have been a resident for at least 3 years, be under 26 years old, have a high school diploma, be enrolled in a university and not change direction for two consecutive years. Depending on the file, the minimum income to be assigned for students can be between 150 and 1,680 euros. In exchange for being awarded the RME, the city of Petit-Couronne asks the student to carry out a civic action within the city during the year.
- In Plougastel-Daoulas (Finistère), the minimum income is granted to students under the age of 26 who have lived in the city for at least two years. You must be enrolled at a university, but may not be on a dual course of study or training. The minimum income granted to students varies between 400 and 4,000 euros, depending on the file.
In any case, the municipalities require proof of course participation. As soon as a student finishes his studies, the municipality stops paying the minimum student income granted.
How often is the minimum student income paid?
The frequency with which the RME is paid also varies from municipality to municipality. While some municipalities pay all at once, others make the payment in two installments or monthly. Some municipalities pay the RME for 2 years, others for 4 years.
When to apply for RME?
Again, the deadline for applying for the RME varies from municipality to municipality. Some municipalities set the application deadline in October, others until March of the current academic year.
Can we combine minimum student income and other financial aid?
The minimum student income can be combined with other grants. Social Criteria Grants, Student Job Income, Housing Benefit, etc. Most municipalities also require applying for a Social Criteria Grant, although the answer does not affect whether the RME is awarded by the municipal office or not based on the city’s social action (CCAS).
Note that some cities that do not offer minimum income for students still offer other local aid or scholarships. Don’t hesitate to contact your city hall or your community’s CCAS to find out about all the grants you can apply for and the conditions for receiving them.