After four years of research under the direction of Mr. Richard Jacquemond and Ms. Monica Ruocco, Ms. Annamaria Bianco (IREMAM/DAAM) will defend her dissertation in Arabic literature entitled “Adab al-malǧa: Representation of refuge in the 21st century Arabic novel”.e Century” on Friday 9th of December at 14 o’clock
It will take place in hybrid mode, on Mediterranean House of Human Sciences (MMSH) in Room G. Duby (Ground floor on the right after the reception), followed by a drink from 17:30/18:00 (to attend the defense via Zoom, please send an email to [email protected]).
Director of Studies: Richard Jacquemond, University of Aix-Marseille, Iremam.
Thesis co-supervisor: Monica Ruocco, University of Naples.
Rapporteur: Laurence Denooz, University of Lorraine.
Rapporteur: Lorenzo Casini, University of Messina.
Examiner: Martina Censi, University of Bergamo.
Examiner: Alexis Nuselovici, University of Aix-Marseille.
SUMMARY OF THE THESIS
This thesis analyzes the Arabic exile and migration literature that emerged around the turn of the “refugee crisis” in 2015, with a focus on the genre of the novel. Taking both a diachronic and a synchronic perspective, it aims to describe the emergence of a new migrant aesthetic built around the multifaceted experience of refuge and to identify the various elements of continuity and discontinuity that contemporary fiction connect with canons of the past.
The research traces the changes in the Arab world from colonial times to the present day and shows how the wars, conflicts and diasporas of the 20th centurye and XXIe Centuries have meant that the experience of mobility has been placed under the sign of coercion and precariousness, and the conditions in which texts are produced, disseminated and received have changed. In the introduction, the reasons for the choice of the object of investigation are explained by attributing them to the topicality of the debate on global mobility and to the speculative interest that is flourishing in science. It deals with ethical and methodological questions and justifies the preference of the descriptive formula adab al-malǧa (“literature of refuge”) over that of adab al-luǧū (“literature of asylum”) on the basis of sociological preliminary investigations of Bourdieus’ art, in which various actors in the transnational Arabic literary field are interviewed: the authors of the selected corpus as well as other writers, editors, translators, critics and literary agents.
The research complements the study of texts with their social and cultural context and follows an approach that combines all disciplines of refugee and migration research with the basic principles of literary analysis in order to develop a real “poetics of refugeedom” (from English “refugeedom”). , with specific themes, frameworks and characters drawn from both the world of migration and the world of humanitarian aid. Conceived as both a chronological and thematic journey, the study is organized around a three-part macrostructure that aims to reconstruct the entire journey of individuals in search of sanctuary caught between their assigned invisibility and assigned hypervisibility. Media and Asylum System. Focuses on novels drawing on Harraga literature (Taytānīkāt afrīqiyya  by Abu Bakr Ḥāmid Kahhāl and Anāšīd al-milḥ  by al-‘Arabī Ramaḍānī), the first part sheds light on the connections between the texts recounting the experience of illegal migration and those focusing on the exodus of asylum seekers, bringing the same type of critical discourse in relation to the Fortress Europe and the hierarchies created by the humanitarian system. The second part focuses on the concepts of vulnerability, trauma and resilience and addresses the realities of transit and immobility. She analyzes the exceptional spaces of the Palestinian refugee camps (muḫmal  by Ḥuzāma Ḥabāyib) and by pre-revolutionary Syria, characterized by a dual reality of reception and repression (Hurrās al-hawāʼ  by Rūzā Yāsīn Ḥasan). The third part focuses on the asylum experience in Europe (Barid al-Layl  by Hudā Barakāt and ‘Āzif al-ġuyūm  by ‘Alī Badr), which allows us to examine anti-hegemonic accounts of the notions of hospitality, identity, belonging, and citizenship.