Thus, the registration procedure will remain centralized, with an identical registration period for all and a single registration form (FUI) where parents will always have to indicate their choice of school(s) for their child.
In highly coveted institutions, places will always be decided on the basis of a composite index calculated according to various criteria, the number of which will increase from 7 to 8 in the new regime.
However, the relative weight of these different criteria has been modified somewhat.
Thus, the home-primary school distance criterion, at the center of parental criticism for years, has seen its importance soften significantly in favor of the coveted high school-home distance.
Enrollment priorities already in place, such as having a sibling already enrolled at the school, or a parent working there, will remain so.
Another innovation: in schools that are “assessed incomplete”, i.e. where the demand for places does not exceed the supply (i.e. about 60% of schools in Wallonia and Brussels), parents will receive a certificate of direct enrollment when they file the FUI in theirs.
Perhaps the most obvious change is the introduction of a form of decentralization in the management of the registration system.
In fact, the Internet Registration Commission (CIRI), the central body that until now piloted and arbitrated the entire procedure, will give way in the future to a new architecture.
At its peak, there will now be a Commission Governing Registration (CoGI). But this will be accompanied by ten Local Enrollment Authorities (ILIs) in each school area, in order to take better account of the often very different local realities of enrolment.
These ILIs will also have an information mission with parents.
An evaluation of the new system, which will come into full force only for the start of the school year in September 2023, is already planned in five years, i.e. in 2026.
The text was approved on Thursday evening by the PS-MR-Ecolo majority. The PTB opposition voted against, while the CDH opposition abstained at this stage.
On behalf of the Marxist formation, the deputy Jean-Pierre Kerckhofs especially considered that the new decree would not change anything in the school market situation that prevails today, according to him, in the FWB.
“It can even strengthen it,” said the chosen petebist.
For the CdH, the former Minister of Education, Marie-Martine Schyns, for her part denounced the creation of ILIs that will “complicate things”, as well as the concept of “considered incomplete schools”, which risks pass them off as smaller. quality schools in the eyes of parents, she said.
The two opposition parties had also requested that before the vote on this new Registration decree, which has stirred passions for 15 years, they could audition a whole series of school actors. But their request was not accepted by the majority.
Approved on Thursday evening, the decree must be submitted for sanction at the plenary session of the Assembly in January, after the year-end ceasefire.
Every year, more than 50,000 children in Wallonia and Brussels undergo the procedure set out in the registration decree.