This is one of the recommendations of the Defender of Rights’ annual report presented on Thursday 17 November: Ensure and strengthen sex education (EAS). “to make children more aware of the right and respect for privacy”. The courses provided for by law are not “still not effective” points to Claire Hédon, who has reignited the debate on a hot topic since the beginning of the school year.
In September, a report by the General Inspectorate for Education, Sport and Research (IGESR) revealed that less than 15% of students in primary and secondary schools and less than 20% in colleges benefited from the three EAS sessions. These have been mandatory since a 2001 law, but in fact the account does not exist.
The Minister of Education himself has recognized this and signed a new circular to make these meetings effective. “from this school year”. Pap Ndiaye says he wants to do sex education “a priority”. questions from ” consent “, from “Healthcare”, from “Respect for Others” are “became central today”, he explained on November 9th in the program “Quotidien” on TMC and at the same time announced the release “Lesson Sheets So Teachers Can Teach These Subjects With Confidence ».
Raise the brakes
Will these new resources be enough to release the brakes? Jérémy Destenave, a professor of earth science and sex education at the college, doubts it. “The resources, we have them, what we lack are the hours he said. The texts are clear in content, but do not say who has to do it, when and how. Specifically: If a teacher wants to get involved, he is obliged to make time for teaching colleagues. » The solution in his eyes? Integrate these sessions into the students’ schedule.
For Céline Sierra, on the other hand, any new support is welcome. “There are many resources for middle and high school, but few for elementary school,” says this school teacher. However, the two teachers agree on the other major obstacle to EAS: the lack of training.
“There is no initial education, and continuing education in elementary school focuses mainly on the basics, reading, writing, counting, she assures. Unaccompanied, however, one feels a little alone to talk about an intimate subject and is undermined by the polemics. » In 2014, the “ABCDs of Equality” had to be taken down and in 2018 rumors circulated about masturbation classes at school.
Courses that are often reduced to information about contraception and STIs
To address them “Sensitive Questions” Teachers can call in the school nurse, but staff shortages make it difficult for them. Some entities also contract accredited associations such as Family Planning in the public sector or Cler Amour et famille in the private sector, although these interventions are rather rare due to lack of resources.
Parents and students do not always know that they are entitled to this education. “Mhis daughter is in seventh grade and has never heard of these sessions.” testifies Loli. Gaspard, 18, remembers “a few college courses”, but regret not having had more because there are some “things learned” particularly concerning “Pornography”.
Sex education is essential ” increase attention (…) respect the human body, prevent sexual and gender-based violence, and promote an egalitarian vision of relationships between women and men.” recalls the right-back, who, however, regrets that the courts ” are all too often reduced to information about contraception or preventing sexually transmitted infections”.
The other points of the report
This year’s annual report from the human rights defender focuses on children’s right to privacy. In particular, he recommends:
to include compulsory modules in the law digital education in middle school, including digital rights (image rights, delisting, etc.), and to provide resource rooms and training for parents.
Raising awareness of national education professionalse Raise awareness of the reality of cyberbullying in schools and train them to recognize these situations.
Raising awareness of cyberbullying among parents and studentswith an information event every school year.