Digital technologies have taken hold around the world and the ability to use these technologies has become an almost universal requirement.
In the document “Qualitative analysis of 21st century digital and information skills frameworks: global trends observed”, researchers Chantal Tremblay from UQAM and Bruno Poellhuber from the University of Montreal analyzed more than 70 digital and information from Europe (33), North America (30 ) and 10 from Africa, Asia and Oceania.
This resulted in 5 main classes of skills:
- Research and evaluation of information in the context of digital use
- Digital citizenship: responsible behavior and ethical issues
- Digital Citizenship: Interacting with the World by Mobilizing the Digital
- Appropriate use of digital tools to accomplish various tasks
- Learn or teach digitally
Analyzing these skills, the authors note:
“Among the 56 reference systems dealing with information literacy, the most commonly observed skills relate to accessing and searching for information in the context of using digital technologies to conduct that search.
For example, 47 reference systems suggest that individuals need to know, understand and be able to use search engines and specialized research tools that enable them to search for information. Individuals must be able to choose the methods that are appropriate to their information needs. They must be able to develop an effective search strategy, taking into account their needs, the context and purpose of their search, and to plan their search for information appropriately.
These repositories attach great importance to the evaluation of the information collected as they contain almost all statements showing that individuals must be able to evaluate the credibility, validity and relevance of information or digital data as appropriate… “
Each of the classes is divided into subcategories that indicate which skills are desired and whose authors wish to establish the level of mastery to be achieved and the indicators of assessment.
- Information (main category) 875
Accessing and finding information 292
Information management 124
Information analysis 68
Information Rating 200
Use of Information 89
Other information 102
- 21st Century Citizens (Main Category) 1132
Responsible behavior 328
Digital identity 92
Security and Protection 172
Send and share 97
Cooperation and participation 161
Other citizen 47
- Digital tools (main category) 641
Use tools 287
Create multimedia content 83
Assessment and mobilization of instruments 67
Solve technical problems 50
- Digital Enabled Learning (core category) 331
Digital Learning 86
Numerical ratings 31
Teaching practice 156
Other learning 58
- Other categories (main category) 137
Professional development 72
Inclusive education 17
problem solving 35
critical thinking 8
Teachers and stakeholders in this field should consider these elements when planning learning these skills or developing a competency framework.
Tremblay, C. and Poellhuber, B. (2022). Qualitative analysis of the framework conditions for digital and informational skills in the 21st century: Global trends observed. in Education and Work, 30(2), 1-26.
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